The Sultanate of Oman lies on the southeastern corner of the Arabian Peninsula latitudes 16° 40' and 26° 20' North and longitudes 51° 50' and 59° 40' East. It covers a total land area of 309,500 km2 its coast runs to a distance of 3165 Km from the Strait of Hormuz in the north to the borders of the Republic of Yemen in the south and overlooks three seas, the Arabian Gulf, Gulf of Oman and the Arabian Sea. The country shares land borders with the United Arab Emirates to the northwest, Saudi Arabia to the west, Yemen to the southwest, and shares marine borders with Iran and Pakistan.
The Sultanate climate varies from one area to another. In the coastal
areas we find a hot and humid weather in summer while it is hot and dry in the
interior, expect for some high areas as the weather is moderate over the same
year. In the southern area, the weather is more moderate. Rain in Oman is
scarce and irregular. However, sometimes-heavy rainfall is also reported.
Governorate of Dhofar is an exception, where heavy and regular rain is
registered from June to October due to the monsoon season.
Muscat is the modern capital of Oman and offers visitors a stunning combination of old and new. From the architectural masterpiece that is the Sultan Qaboos Grand Mosque, to its rugged mountain backdrop and breath-taking beaches, this city never fails to entertain and inspire. There is an abundance of choice for visitors, from world-class shows at the Royal Opera House Muscat, to fine dining at one of the many restaurants scattered across the capital or shopping for traditional souvenirs at Muttrah Souq, one of the oldest in Arabia.
Museums, such as the Children’s Museum, Natural History Museum, National Museum or Bait Al Zubair welcome those who wish to delve deeper into the Sultanate’s rich natural and cultural history. For art lovers, there are a number of galleries showcasing modern Omani art. As for activities, the capital region has almost endless possibilities. Whether it is snorkelling at the Daymaniyat Islands, trekking from Old Muscat to Muttrah, a guided city tour or a day trip to a nearby wadi, Muscat welcomes all to experience its unique charm.
Perhaps what is striking about Muscat is the breathtaking intermingling of ancient cultural heritage and modern style. You will see houses, gates, old markets, small shops, and winding roads redolent of authentic history, side by side with modern markets, shops, buildings, and streets stamped with modern architecture. This allows Oman to preserve its historic character, and at the same time enjoying its contemporary spirit. Muscat is renowned as one of the cleanest Arab capitals, and has gained the honor of winning the Cleanest Arab City Contest several consecutive times. The total population of Muscat Governorate reached 1.72 million of 4.829 million total population in Oman
More information about Muscat can be viewed in the booklet.
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